Ennore is situated on the coromandal coast about 24km north of Chennai Port along
the coast line, in the State of Tamil Nadu, India. It is the 12the Major Port in
India and the first Corporatised Major Port in India.
Ennore Port was originally conceived primarily
to handle thermal coal to meet the requirement of Tamil Nadu Electricity Board (TNEB).
The scope was expanded taking into account subsequent developments such as the plan
of Government of Tamil Nadu to set up
- A 1880 mw LNG power project in association with a Private consortium
- A large Petro Chem Park
- A Naphtha Cracker Plant
The pollution and environmental hazards caused while handling iron ore and coal
in the Chennai harbour and nearby habitations also necessitated shifting these cargo
items from the Chennai Port.
This was the rationale behind planning of berths for coal berth (for users other
than TNEB) Iron ore, LNG, POL, Chemical and other liquids and Crude to serve various
industires that would come up on the proposed Perto Chem Park. These factors have
contributed to the evolution of Ennore Port as a multi-functional energy port of
the New Millennium.
The Phase I development of Ennore was completed in 2001. The port was inaugurated
and dedicated to the Nation by the Honorable Prime Minister of India on 1.2.2001.
Commercial operations commenced with Handymax geared vessels for unloading of thermal
coal on 22.6.2001. With the deployment of self-unloading and gearless vessels of
65000/77000 DWT, full-fledged operations were started since December 2002.